The child can be introduced to home food at a neighbour’s etc can be started at any time, where as food from restaurants can be given at least after the child is a year old.
At present there is no vaccine available for Dengue or Malaria. These are at the trial stage & may be available in a few years.
The vaccines given to your child are meant to protect them from life threatening illness and not against every disease known. If your child’s immune system is a bit compromised, he or she may fall sick often. This can be addressed by finding out the precipitating factors.
Alternatively your child may be anaemic or allergic. It is important to get to the basic problem instead of symptomatically treating each episode.
These vaccines are very safe and made according to international standards. The efficacy is reinforced if they are administered after being maintained through a proper cold chain process.
There are Tetanus booster doses recommended at 10 and 16 years. Further more Typhoid vaccine is given every 3 years. In girls from 11 years a cervical cancer vaccine is also recommended.
The influenza or the flu vaccine as it is called is a seasonal vaccine. The flu season falls usually between September to February each year. During this period there is a very high incidence of infection with the influenza viruses and your child can keep falling sick frequently. This vaccine is manufactured for the northern hemisphere after surveillance of the disease causing influenza. It is recommended to give this yearly in all children, especially those children who wheeze.
Though the intense phase of vaccination gets over by 2 years, there are still some important vaccines to be given from 4’th year. The main ones are the dTap booster and MMR booster. The typhoid vaccine is repeated every 3 years.
Most vaccines including the pneumonia vaccines, cause a slight fever which may last between 1 to 3 days. This can be treated with just paracetamol.
Most vaccines are not very painful. Only the DPT is a painful vaccine. This has been modified and is available for the past 7 years as dTap which is less reactogenic meaning less painful. This is a better option to vaccinate your baby with.
Optional basically means that the patient has the option to give it if he or she wants to, and that the government is not giving it free. These optional vaccines like chicken pox and Hepatitis A are good and confer a certain amount of protection to the child. They also prevent the child from missing school because of contracting these illnesses.
Polio drops and first Hepatitis-B is given at birth itself. The remaining schedule of vaccines to be given as per the IAP (Indian Academy of Paediatricians) guidelines.
Disclaimer : *The doctor’s advice is of generic nature only. For specific diagnosis and treatment, kindly contact your paediatrician.